Laskar Jundallah

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    Militant Protest.jpg

    In October of 2000, members of the Hizbol army, which included Laskar Jundallah militants, warned Americans in major hotels in Solo, Indonesia that they had 48 hours to leave the country. [1]

    Status: Active
    AKA: Laskar Jundullah, Army of Allah, Militia of God
    Formed: September 2000
    Areas of Operation: Indonesia, Phillipines
    Ideology: Religious (Islamist)
    Leader: Agung Abdul Hamid, Agus Dwikarna
    Affiliates: Al Qaeda, Darul Islam, Jemmah Islamiya (JI), Laskar Mujahideen, Preparatory Committee for the Implementation of Islamic Law (KPPSI)
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      Organizational History

      Laskar Jundallah (Army of Allah) was created as the military wing, an Islamic law police force, of the Preparatory Committee for the Implementation of Islamic Law (KPPSI) in September 2000. Laskar was originally intended to enforce Islamic law among KPPSI members. During the years of domestic conflict in Indonesia there were several different Laskar Jundallahs that were not affiliated with one another. This Laskar Jundallah is considered the most well known from Indonesia's conflict period. It was formerly led by Agus Dwikarna until his arrest in the Philippines in 2002. Its official base is in Makassar, but the military headquarters is in Pendolo, Poso in Central Sulawesi. A splinter cell of Laskar Jundallah led by Agung Abdul Hamid carried out a bombing of a McDonald's in Makassar in December, 2003. Hamid's cell is a possible suspect in the attack on the Philippine Consulate two hours prior to the Bali bombings on October 12, 2002. Like Laskar Mujahidin, Laskar Jundallah also had poor relations with Laskar Jihad. [2] The group has a paramilitary structure, with mercenary associates.

      Funding

      Laskar Jundallah received funding from Omar al Faruq with al Qaeda. Agus Dwikarna is the head of al Haramain Foundation, a Saudi-based charity run by al Qaeda, in Indonesia. [3]

      Recruitment

      Laskar Jundullah kept its headquarters in Makassar, and set up its military headquarters in Pendolo, Pamona Selatan, Poso. Its commander there was reportedly Amno Dai, a native of the area who had been a follower of Darul Islam's Kahar Muzakkar. Dai recruited former members of Kahar Muzakkar's Darul Islam rebellion, and those men joined with Laskar Mujahidin, a group formed by students of the pesantren network associated with Jemaah Islamiya. The Laskar Jundullah relied upon three networks for its recruits in the conflict: Darul Islam, a faction of the Indonesian Muslim Students organization (HMI-MPO), and local Muslims from the Poso area, including the Komite Perjuangan Muslim Poso (Committee for the Islamic Struggle in Poso). [4]

      Tactics

      Members of both the KPPSI, and Laskar Jundullah have been linked to local and international terrorist acts. Agus Dwikarna, commander of Laskar Jundullah and the Vice-Chair of the KPPSI, were arrested in the Philippines on terrorist charges in mid-2002. Later that year, several Laskar Jundullah members were involved in bombings in Makassar, in particular the 2003 McDonald’s bombing, and a car dealership. While investigating the McDonald's bombing, the police found evidence that Laskar Jundullah members were also planning to attack churches in the province. [5]

      In the other major conflict area, Poso, the mujahidin forces were known as Laskar Jundullah, but it becomes confusing because many Islamic groups operating out of Central Java, Maluku, and Sulawesi called themselves by the same name, which means "army of Allah." Groups that identified themselves as Laskar Jundullah, for example, appeared in Poso in July and August 2000, after the massacre of some 200 Muslims at the Wali Songo Pesantren in Poso in June 2000.

      Gallery

       

      Militants.jpg

      Laskar Jundallah was created as the military wing of the Preparatory Committee for the Implementation of Islamic Law (KPPSI). [6]

      Agus Dwikarna.jpg

      Agus Dwikarna, founder of Laskar Jundallah. [7]

      Al Qaeda.jpg

      Laskar Jundallah received funding from Omar al Faruq of Al Qaeda. [8]

      References

      1. Jakarta Alarm Over Militant Threats. (2000, October 30). BBC News. Retrieved on October 15, 2011 from [1]
      2. Bali and McDonald’s Bombing Suspects ‘Know Each Other.’ (2002, December 12). The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved from [2]
      3. Ressa, M. (2002, July 19). Indonesian linked to al Qaeda cell. CNN. Retrieved from [3]
      4. International Crisis Group. (2002, December 11). Indonesia backgrounder: How the Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist network operates. Asia Report, 43. Retrieved from [4]
      5. Donohoe, J. (2004, July – September). Opponents of Islamic Law. Inside Indonesia, 79. Retrieved from [5]
      6. Profile: Jafar Umar Thalib. (2003, January 30). BBC News. Retrieved on October 18, 2011 from [6]
      7. Profile: Laskar Jundullah. (n.d.) History Commons. Retrieved on October 16, 2011 from [7]
      8. Miller, Z. (2011, June 22). White House Says Al Qaeda in Afghanistan No Longer a Threat to the U.S. Business Insider. Retrieved on October 18, 2011 from [8]
       

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